How old is English?
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I wrote this essay for people who want to know more about the real origin of old English. Some minimal knowledge is required to understand the importance of the subject. For those people who have very little knowledge about the subject, I advise to read first this Wikipedia article (section History) where the official version of the origin of English is explained.
 Since 450 BC 'pre-Celtic' to 'Celtic' and since 450 AD 'Celtic' to English.
Start reading and
Last update: June 2014
We want to publish. This website becomes too big. It is about time that the content and more, yet unpublished material, is published in a book.
English was not imported by the Anglo-Saxons
This website will be renewed in February 2016. Our insights have evolved thanks to assiduous research. Especially the language situation in Gaul prove to be much different than what is today widely accepted. E.g. a place called Lugdunum - there were many - meant "cleared hill" and not (the god) Lug's temple-hill. The place-name is -surprise!- Germanic and not Celtic. So, many pages will be rewritten. In Britain, the influence of Latin and Greek on (mainly coastal) place-names was much greater than anticipated. In fact, the alleged Celtic British Nation shrinks to an unexpected small level.
This is how the events of the 5th century AD and the origin of the English language were declared during the 20th century in every history book, in every schoolbook, worldwide :
The Anglo-Saxons imported the English language in the 5th century into Britain. The Anglo-Saxons were initially
invited as mercenaries. When their wages could not be paid, they rebelled and took over the east of Britain. The Britons
reacted by fighting bravely, but their efforts were hampered by treachery and unlawful collaboration with the enemy by some
of their most high ranking members. Eventually the Anglo-Saxons managed to subdue the eastern population. They imposed their
culture and language. A major part of the population fled west where the British resistance proved to be successful for a
But official history has several major inconsistencies:
For a brief summary click here .
Por un resumen en Espanol click aqui.
A warning for students: this new version of the origin of the English language is not (yet) the official one.
New since March 2014 :
A possible solution for the Phaistos disk
We presented a new paper: "Greenwich and the early emporia of Kent" to Archaeologia Cantiana in which we investigate the wider meaning of 'wick'.
We filed a paper "Was Boudicca's name really Celtic?" to Monographia Britannia, a scientific magazine from Cambridge, but it was rejected. We sort of expected that. We are now brooding on a suitable answer.
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Listen to this wonderful music. It starts as slow as you can understand this website.